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2013年9月全国英语等级考试第三级(公共英语PETS-3)真题试卷及答案解析

来源:大家网 发布日期:2014-09-28 10:25

 Text 3

  根据下列材料,请回答56-70题:
  One important thing during the pre-Christmas rush at our house was the arrival of my daughter' s kindergarten report card. She got high praise for her reading, vocabulary and overall en-thusiasm. On the other hand, we learnt that she has work to do on her numbers and facility with the computer, though the detailed handwritten report her teachers prepared is absent of any words that might be interpreted as negative in describing her efforts. A number system indicates how she' s measuring up in each area without any mention of passing or failing.
All of which seems to make my daughter' s school neither fish nor fowl when it comes to the debate over the merits of giving formal grades to kids. At one level, the advantages and disadvanta-ges are obvious. A grade system provides a straightforward standard by which to measure how your child is progressing at school--and how he or she is getting on compared to other children. But as writer Sue Ferguson notes, "Grades can deceive. " The aim should be "to measure learning, not simply what a student can recall on a test. " The two aren' t the same--and if you doubt that as an adult, ask yourself whether you could sit down without any preparation and still pass those high-school-level examinations.
  If you' re old enough, you' ve lived through this debate before. At one time, it was considered unfair to put children in direct competition with one another if it could be avoided. The inten-tion behind tha.t may have been good, but it ignored the fact that competition, and the will to come out on top, are essential components of the human condition.
  This time around, educators working with a no-grades approach are emphasizing different rea-sons. The thing is, that approach is much more commonplace in the adult workplace than is the tra-ditional pass-fail system we place on our children. Many workplaces conduct regular employee eval-uations. There are usually fairly strict limits to what an employer can tell an employee in those eval-uations-and even then, negative evaluations can be challenged by the employee. No matter where you sit in the debate over the grade system, then, the real question is this: if it' s so good for kids, why isn't that also true for adults?

56、The school report indicates that the writer' s daughter 
A.lacks interest in her school work
B.ranks among the best at language
C.has some trouble with her handwriting
D.needs to improve in math and computer skills

57、 We can learn that the girl' s school tries to deliver the report 
A.in a positive way
B.in a scientific way
C.in an attractive way
D.in an enthusiastic way

58、 Sue Ferguson seems dissatisfied with the grade system for its focus on 
A.the process of getting the knowledge
B.the capability of memorizing for the test
C.the procedure of measuring learning
D.the standard of comparing schools

59、 The writer would agree that cutting children off from competition is 
A.fit for human development
B.fit for their age and experience
C.against a key part of human nature
D.out of consideration for children

60、 It can be learned that today's educators supporting the no-grades approach insist that 
A.kids be allowed to challenge the negative evaluations
B.the traditional teacher-student relationship be changed
C.the evaluation system for kids be similar to that for adults
D.strict rules be set up in evaluating school children
 Text 3
  参考译文
  在繁忙的圣诞节来临前,我们家一件重要的事情是,收到了女儿幼儿园的成绩单。她在阅读、词汇和整体学习热情方面得到高度评价。另一方面,我们了解到,她需要好好练习数字运算和计算机操作,尽管女儿的老师准备的这份手写的详细成绩单上没有出现任何可能显示女儿消极学习的话语。一项计数法暗示了女儿在每一个学科的成绩情况,虽然没有任何通过或不及格的说明。
  当谈到给小学生正常评级的好处的争论时,所有这些似乎表明女儿的学校不伦不类。在一个层面上,优点和缺点不言而喻。评级系统提供了一个直接的标准,通过这个标准可以衡量你的孩子在学校的进步情况,以及相对于其他孩子来说,自家孩子的表现情况。但正如苏·弗格森作家写的那样“成绩是可以欺骗人的”。目的应该是“衡量学习情况,而不是简单地测试学生在考试时能记得多少东西。”这两者并不一样。如果作为一个成年人,你对此感到质疑,那么你可以问问你自己,是否可以在不做任何准备的情况下仍然通过那些高中阶段的考试。
  如果你足够大了,你以前就经历过了这样的辩论。曾经有人一度认为,在可以避免的情况下,让孩子们置于彼此之间直接竞争的环境中是不公平的。这个想法背后的意图或许是好的,但它忽略了一个事实,竞争和出类拔萃的愿望构成了人类生存环境的核心部分。
  现在,用不给成绩的教育方法工作的教育家们在强调不同的原因。问题是,比起传统的施加在孩子身上的“过或不过”体系,这个方法在我们成人工作中更普遍。许多工作采用常规的员工测评方法。在这些测评中,通常有严格的规定限制雇主可以告知雇员的内容,即便如此,员工还是可以质疑消极的测评结果。不管你是处在关于评级体系争论的哪一方,真正的问题是:如果不给成绩的方式对孩子来说有这么多好处,为什么对成年人来说却并非如此呢?
  56.D【精析】细节题。由文章第一段第三句话“on the other hand,we learnt that she has work to do on her numbers and facility with the computer,though the detailed handwritten report her teach-ers prepared is absent of any words that might be interpreted as negative in describing her effort.”
可知,作者从成绩单上面了解到女儿在数字和计算机应用能力方面仍有功课要做,言外之意便是女儿需要在这两方面加强和提高,故D项符合文意。而根据第一段第二句话“She got high praise for her reading.vocabulary and over-all enthusiasm.”只能得知,作者从成绩单上面了解到女儿在语言方面得到很高的评价,因此B选项表述与原文不符。其他两项原文没有涉及,故选D。
  57.A【精析】推断题。从文章的第一段来看,作者收到女儿学校的成绩单,上面写的全是表扬的话,而作者自己知道,女儿在数字运算等方面还需要学习,由此可推断女儿学校只是努力从正面的角度赞扬女儿在学校的表现,故选A。
  58.B【精析】细节题。从文章第二段第五句“The aim should be‘to measure learning,not simply what a student can recall on a test’”可知苏·弗格森对评级体系不满意的原因是它强调测试学生的记忆能力,而非学习本身,故选B。
  59.C【精析】细节题。文章第三段最后一句话“…but it ignored the fact that competition,and the will to come out on top,are essential components of the human condition.”可知,作者认为让孩子们远离竞争是违反了人类生存本质的,故选C。
  60.B【精析】推断题。题干意为“可以知道,赞成不给成绩的教育方式的教育家坚持认为什么?”通过排除法,A项说允许孩子质疑消极的测评结果,与原文不符,原文是作者拿成年人举例,并提出疑问,为什么成年人不能用不评级的体系,故排除A项和C项。D项说应该建立严格的规章制度来测评学生,这个文章中更没有提及,亦排除,故选B。

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