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GRE填空真题详细讲解(1)

来源:网络 发布日期:2009-07-16 10:23

第一部分
Though environmentalists have targeted some herbicides as potentially dangerous, the anufacturers,

to the environmentalists’ dismay, ------ the use of these herbicides on lawns.

defy
defer
defend
assail
disparage

答案:(C)
-----------------------------------------------------------------------
environmentalist: n.1.环境保护论者,人类生态学者 2.环境论者 3.环境艺术家
target: v.以…为攻击目标
herbicide: n.除莠剂,灭草剂
potentially: adv.潜在地,可能地  
to somebody’s dismay: prep.令人气馁(失望、绝望、幻灭,惊愕等)
defy: v.1.违抗,反抗,蔑视 2.经受得住 3.使成为不可能 4.挑,激
defer: v.1.推迟,拖延,使推迟 2.尊敬,服从,敬重(to)
assail: v.1.攻击,袭击 2.质问,责骂 3.着手解决,毅然对付
disparage: v.1.贬低,轻视 2.底毁,损害…的名声
 
虽然环保专家们将抨击的矛头指向某些除草剂,抨击某潜在的危险性,但是,令环保专家们沮丧的是,

制造商们却对这些除草剂在草坪上的使用大加辨护。

To believe that a culture’s achievement can be measured by the -------of its written material requires

one to accept that a page of junk mail is as ------- as a page of great literature.

nature.. readable
quality.. prevalent
timelessness.. understandable
applicability.. eloquent
volume.. valuable

答案:(E)
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
junk mail: n.三级邮件,(成批大量发出的)邮寄广告宣传品
prevalent: a.流行的,盛行的,普遍的
timelessness: n.永恒,无时间性,永不改变,无始无终
eloquent: a.1.雄辩的,有说服力的 2.富于表情的,明白显示出的(of)
volume: n.1.份量,量,额 2.体积,容积,容量
 
若要人相信某一文化的成就可凭藉其书面材料的总量来衡量的话,这就需要我们接受这样一种说法,

即一页三级邮件的价值可与一页伟大的文学作品相提并论。

Given the failure of independent laboratories to replicate the results of Dr. Johnson’s

 experiment, only the most ------- supporters of her hypothesis would be foolish enough to claim that it had been
adequately -------

fastidious.. defined
partisan.. verified
vigilant.. publicized
enlightened.. researched
fervent.. undermined
————————————————————————
答案:(B)

given a.1.规定的,特定的 2.有癖好的,有倾向的(to) 3.已知的,假设的
replicate: v.复制,摹写
adequately: adv.1.适当地,胜任地 2.足够地 3.勉强够地,差强人意地
fastidious: a.爱挑剔的,过分讲究的
partisan: v.党派的,派性的,偏袒的
 
verify: v.1证明,证实 2.核实,查对,查清
vigilant: a.警戒的,警觉的,警惕的
publicize: v.引起公众对…的注意,宣传
enlightened: a.开明的,有知识的,摆脱偏见(或迷信)的,文明的
fervent: a.1.炽热的 2.热情的,热诚的,强烈的
undermine: v.1.侵蚀…的基础 2.暗中破坏,逐渐损害(或削弱)
 
鉴于独立的实验室无法复制出约翰逊博士的实验结果,因此,唯有其假设最偏袒的支持者才会愚顽至极,竟会声称它早已得到了充分的验证。

Roman historians who study the period 30 B.C. to A.D. 180 can -------the "Augustan peace"

only by failing to recognize that this peace in many respects resembled that of death.

decry
applaud
ridicule
demand
disprove
————————————————————————
答案:(B)

decry: v.1.(强烈)反对,(公开)谴责 2.诋毁(名声)
applaud: v.1.向…喝彩,给…捧场 2.称赞,赞许,赞成
ridicule v.嘲笑,戏弄,嘲弄
disprove: v.证明…不能成立,证明…虚假(或不正确),反驳
 
研究公元前30年至公元180年这一时期的罗马史学家们,他们之所以能对“奥古斯都的太平盛世”大加颂扬,只是因为他们无从认识到,这种所谓的“太平盛世”其实在诸多方面与死气沉沉相差无几。

Although Tom was aware that it would be ------ to display annoyance publicly at the sales conference, he could not

-------- his irritation with the client’s unreasonable demands.

inadvisable.. evince
efficacious.. suppress
pragmatic.. counter
captious.. express
impolitic.. hide
————————————————————————
答案:(E)

annoyance: n.1.恼怒,烦恼 2.打拢,骚扰
irritation: n.1.激怒,恼怒,生气 2.刺激物,恼人事
inadvisable: a.不可取的,不妥当的,失策的
evince: v.表明,显示
efficacious: a.灵验的,奏效的  
pragmatic: a.1.实干的,重实效的 2.实用主义的 3.国事的,国务的
counter: v.1.反对,反击,对抗,反驳,抵消,制止 2.(拳击时)还击 [page]

captious: 难以讨好的,吹毛求疵的
impolitic: a.失策的,不当的,不审慎的,没见识的
 
尽管汤姆意识到,在销售会上公然展示恼怒甚为不妥但面对顾客的无理要求,他却再也无法掩饰其满腔怒火。

It is no accident that most people find Davis’ book disturbing, for it is ------

to undermine a number beliefs they have long -------

calculated.. cherished
annotated.. assimilated
intended.. denied
anxious.. misunderstood
reputed.. anticipated
————————————————————————
答案:(A)

undermine: v.1.侵蚀…的基础 2.暗中破坏,逐渐损害(或削弱)
calculated: a.精心计划的,蓄意的
cherish: v.1.珍视,珍爱 2.抱有,怀有(思想,感情等)
annotate: v.给…作注解(或译注)
assimilate: v.吸收消化,使同化,使趋于一致
reputed: a.1.驰名的 2.被一般认定的,普遍认为的
 
大多数人发现戴维斯的著作令人不安,这决非偶然,因为它刻意要摧毁人们长期以来所怀有的信念。

One virus strain that may help gene therapists cure genetic brain diseases can enter the peripheral

 nervous system and travel to the brain, ------- the need to inject the therapeutic virus directly into the
brain.

suggesting
intensifying
elucidating
satisfying
obviating
————————————————————————
答案:(E)

virus: n.1.[微]病毒,滤过性病毒 2.病毒病 3.毒液
strain: n.种类
therapist: n.治疗专家
peripheral: a.1.外围的,周边的 2.表面的,周围的 3.无关紧要的
therapeutic: a.1.治疗的,有疗效的 2.有益于健康的
elucidate: v.阐明,解释,澄清
obviate: v.1.排除 2.使成为不必要,避免
 
某种能帮助基因治疗专家治愈遗传性大脑疾病的病毒种类能进入周围神经系统并传播到大脑,

从而免除了将治疗性病毒直接注射到大脑里的必要。

第二部分
Artificial light _______ the respiratory activity of some microorganisms in the winter but not in the summer, in part because in the summer their respiration is already at its peak and thus cannot be _______

stimulates.. lessened
inhibits.. quickened
reflects.. expanded
elevates.. measured
enhances.. increased
————————————————————————
答案:(E)

respiratory: a.呼吸的,呼吸器管的,呼吸作用的
microorganism: n.微生物
inhibit: v.1.抑制,约束 2.[化][医]抑制
elevate: v.1.举起,提高,使上升 2.提升…的职位,提高(嗓门,信心等),改善3.使情绪高昂
 
人造光能增强某些微生物体在夏季的呼吸活动,但在夏季却不能,部分原因是因为它们的呼吸在夏季

早已处于高峰状态,故而已到了无以复加的地步。

Doreen justifiably felt she deserved recognition for the fact that the research institute had been _____

a position of preeminence, since it was she who had ______ the transformation.

reduced to.. controlled
raised to.. observed
mired in.. imagined
maintained in.. created
returned to.. directed
————————————————————————
答案:(E)

justifiably: adv.无可非议地,可辩护地,情有可原地
preeminence: n.卓越,杰出
mire: v.使陷入泥潭,使陷困境
 
戴莲理直气壮地觉得她理应得到人们的褒奖,因为研究院再度回到了昔日的卓越地位,而正是她一手导演

了这一变迁。 The prospects of discovering new aspects of the life of a painter as thoroughly studied

as Vermeer are not, on the surface_______

unpromising
daunting
encouraging
superficial
challenging

————————————————————————
答案:(C)

prospect: n.1.预期,展望,指望 2.景象,视野 3.机会,前景,前程,前途
vermeer: n.弗美尔(荷兰风俗画家,亦作肖像及风景画,以善用色彩表现空间感及光的效果著称,作品有

《挤奶女工》,《情书》等)
unpromising: a.无指望的,没有前途的,不太有成功希望的
daunting: a.令人胆怯气馁的,威吓的
superficial: a.1.面(积)的 2.表面的,外部的 3.草率的,粗略的4.肤浅的,浅薄的
 
象弗美尔这样一位其生平被研究得如此这巨细无遗、透彻详尽的画家,要挖掘其生平中的新内容,

乍看上去,前景并不让人感到欣慰鼓舞。

Even those siblings whose childhood was ------- familial feuding and intense rivalry for their parents’ affection

 can nevertheless develop congenial and even _______relationships with each other in their adult lives. [page]

scarred by.. vitriolic
dominated by.. intimate
filled with.. truculent
replete with.. competitive
devoid of.. tolerant
————————————————————————
答案:(B)

sibling: n.兄弟(或姊妹),同胞
familial: a.家庭的,家族的,家庭(或家庭)成员所持有的
feuding: n.世仇,仇恨,长期不和
congenial: a.1.协调一致的 2.情趣相投的,令人愉快的,合意的,相宜的
scar: v.给…留下创伤
vitriolic: a.凶残的,粗暴的,刻毒的,好战的
replete(with): a.1.充满的 2.详尽的,完备的
devoid (of): a.没有…的,无…的
  
即使其童年生活充斥着家庭怨仇和对其父母亲感情的强烈竞争,但那些兄弟姊妹们在其成年生活中相互

之间依然能培养起融洽的,甚至是亲密的关系。

Because they have been so dazzled by the calendars and the knowledge of astronomy possessed by the

Mayan civilization, some anthropologists have ------- achievements like the sophisticated carved calendar

sticks of the Winnebago people.

described
acknowledged
overlooked
defended
authenticated
————————————————————————
答案:(C)

dazzle: v.1.使目眩 2.使昏眩,使惊诧不已,使倾倒
calendar: n.1.日历,历书 2.历法 3.日程表,记事录
anthropologist: n. 人类学者,人类学家
sophisticated: a.1.老于世故的 2.老练的,精通的 3.深奥微妙的,精致的 4.复杂的,精密的,尖端的
autheticate: v.证明…是确实可信的
 
由于他们如此痴迷倾倒于玛亚文明所拥有的历法和天文学知识,某些人类学家故而对温内贝戈人雕刻于

木棍上的复杂的历法这类成就视而不见。

Aptly enough, this work so imbued with the notion of changing times and styles has been constantly ___

over the years, thereby reflecting its own mutability.

appreciated
emulated
criticized
revised
reprinted
————————————————————————
答案:(D)

aptly: adv.1.有…倾向地 2.恰当地,适宜地 3.反应敏捷地
imbue: v.使充满,使渗透
thereby: adv.1.因此,由此,从而 2.在那件事上
mutability: n.可变性,无常不定,变化性
emulate: v.1.努力赶超,与…竞争 2.仿效,模仿
 
恰当得很,一部如此贯穿着变化的时代与变化的风格这一观念的著作,在过去的几年中,也不断地被修订,

从而反映出它自身的变化性。 The sea was not an ______the _____of the windmill; on the contrary, while

 the concept of the new invention passed quickly from seaport to seaport, it made little headway inland.

element in.. evolution
issue in . . acceptance
aid to.. designers
obstacle to.. diffusion
impediment to.. creation
————————————————————————
答案:(D)

windmill: n.1.风车房,风车 2.旋转玩具,玩具风车
headway: n.进展,进步
inland: adv.在内地,在内陆,向内地,向内陆
diffusion: n.扩散,传播,弥漫
impediment: n.妨碍,阻碍
 
海洋并未构成风车传播普及的一种阻碍;相反,尽管风车这一新发明之观念从一处海港迅速传播至另一处海港,

但它在内陆地区却鲜有进展。

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