指导与管理项目执行成果(中英对照)

来源:网络 发布日期:2009-05-14 14:13

 Direct and Manage Project Execution:Outputs

    指导与管理项目执行:成果

    1 Deliverables

    1 可交付成果

    A deliverable is any unique and verifiable product,result or capability to perform a service that is identified in the project management planning documentation,and must be produced and provided to complete the project.

    可交付成果是任何在项目管理规划文件中记录,并为了完成项目而必须生成和提交的独特并可核实的产品、成果或提供服务的能力。

    2 Requested Changes

    2 请求的变更

    Changes requested to expand or reduce project scope,to modify policies or procedures,to modify project cost or budget,or to revise the project schedule are often identified while project work is being performed.Requests for a change can be direct or indirect,externally or internally initiated,and can be optional or legally/contractually mandated.

    要求扩大或缩小项目范国,修改方针或程序,修改项目费用或预算,或修改项目进度表的变更,通常是在项目工作开展过程中确定的。变更请求可以直接或间接、内部或外部提出,可以是可选择的,也可以是法律或合同强制要求的。

    3 Implemented Change Requests

    3 实施的变更请求

    Approved change requests that have been implemented by the project management team during project execution.

    已经由项目管理团队在项目执行过程中实施的批准的变更请求。 [page]

    4 Implemented Corrective Actions

    4 实施的纠正措施

    The approved corrective actions that have been implemented by the project management team to bring expected future project performance into conformance with the project management plan.

    已经由项目管理团队为了保证项目将来的实施结果符合项目管理计划的要求而付诸实施的批准的纠正措施。

    5 Implemented Preventive Actions

    5 实施的预防措施

    The approved preventive actions that have been implemented by the project management team to reduce the consequences of project risks.

    已经由项目管理团队为了减小项目风险的后果而付诸实施的批准的预防措施。

    6 Implemented Defect Repair

    6 实施的缺陷补救

    During project execution,the project management team has implemented approved product defect corrections.

    已经由项目管理团队在项目执行过程中实施的批准的产品缺陷补救。 [page]

    7 Work Performance Information

    7 工作绩效信息

    Information on the status of the project activities being performed to accomplish the project work is routinely collected as part of the project management plan execution.This information includes,but is not limited to:

    按常规收集有关为了完成项目工作而进行的项目活动工作状态的信息和数据,属于执行项目管理计划的一部分。工作绩效信息包括但不限于:

    Schedule progress showing status information

    表明进度绩效的状态信息

    Deliverables that have been completed and those not completed

    已经完成与尚未完成的可交付成果

    Schedule activities that have started and those that have been finished

    已经开始与已经完成的计划活动

    Extent to which quality standards are being met

    质量标准满足的程度

    Costs authorized and incurred

    批准与已经开销的费用

    Estimates to complete the schedule activities that have started

    对完成已经开始的计划活动的估算

    Percent physically complete of the in-progress schedule activities

    绩效过程中的计划活动实际完成百分比

    Documented lessons learned posted to the lessons learned knowledge base

    吸取并已记录且转入经验教训知识库的教训

    Resource utilization detail.

    资源利用的细节

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